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New or improved user experiences will generally need to involve a degree of behavior change. This will typically involve a shift towards more desirable behavior, linked to business goals or objectives.
As an example, on an e-commerce site, this might be a change to the way users select and buy products. A user goal linked to this might be a way to checkout more easily. A business goal linked to the change in behavior might be that customers buy more related or associated products. However, user experience design cannot force user behavior – it can only encourage them; user experience is not coercion.
There are models in existence that help us to encourage and facilitate behavior change.
The Fogg Behavioral Model originated in Stanford Universities Persuasive Technology Lab. In this model, its author, B. J. Fogg, puts forward three factors that together lead to behavior change.
Fogg says that, for behavior change to take place, the following conditions must be in place:
So let’s think of a practical example where this model goes to work. Let’s say a customer visits a website, we’ll say it’s for cycling equipment. They browse a number of products and add a number of those products to their shopping cart on the website. They subsequently leave the website without checking out and the products remain in their shopping cart. A number of days later, the same customer receives an email generated by the website, informing them that one of the products in their shopping cart has since had a 10% reduction in price. The user then clicks a link in the email and is taken directly to their shopping cart on the website. They then proceed to checkout, saving 10% on one of the products they had in their cart.
According to Foggs’ model, the behavior, that of purchasing the products, has been facilitated in the following way.
Identifying what the motivations and triggers might be in any given behavior is the role of research. This can then feed into the design, which can offer the appropriate ability through interactions and content.Back to Top
Rick Monro is UX Director at Fathom. He has extensive experience in user research, interaction design, user-centered design, and design strategy with private and public sector organisations throughout the UK and Ireland.
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ABOUT THIS DIGITAL MARKETING MODULE
The UX Research module module will enable you to develop the knowledge and skills to build highly effective user experiences. You will learn how to think like a user in order to understand their priorities and needs, and you will recognize the role of various research and analytics techniques such as tree-testing, card-sorting, user-testing, user-surveys, Google Analytics and specialized tools such as Click-tale.